Data and research
National disability survey data:
We are not aware of any identifiable national disability survey.
Key academic journals or networks:
There is currently no national academic research network on disability studies in Lithuania.
There are several public research institutions. Research, focused on different aspects of disability is carried out by universities, but not on a permanent or systematic basis.
Special Education Research Centre at Šiauliai University was founded in Šiauliai University in 1995. Since the beginning and until 2005 the Centre was led by professor Jonas Ambrukaitis. Special Education Research Centre united experienced and young Lithuanian researchers, doctoral students, studying various spheres of education of persons with disabilities, ways of meeting and assessing their educational, psychological, and social needs, also speech therapy and social integration. At present the main research topic of the Centre is “Exclusion and social participation: educational and psychosocial issues”.
Academic research is also carried out by the Lithuanian Social Research Institute.
Key academic journals are:
- The Special Education Research Centre publishes the academic journal ’Special Education‘ for researchers and practitioners concerned with education and social participation of persons with disabilities.
Some of the journals’ issues are focused on disability affairs.
- Vytautas Magnus University Faculty ofSocial Welfare publishes the journal ’Social Work: Experience and Methods‘.
- Mykolas Romeris University publishes the journal ’Social Work‘.
- Klaipėda University publishes the journal “Bridges”.
Recent research studies and publications include:
- Phenomenological analysis of the lifeworld of persons with motor disability (2011). Author: ValuckienėJolita. The subject is the lifeworld of persons with motor disability. The main objective of the dissertation is to analyse this social reality, experienced and perceived inter subjectively by persons who are wheelchair users. The study follows the theoretical perspective of phenomenological sociology of A. Schütz and the stories of people with motor disability, going into the main phenomenological topics of the lifeworld: The results of research show that the relationship of these people with the world is distinctive and unique because of disabled body and experience of movement with a wheelchair, as well as their knowledge, which is not possessed by non-disabled members of society as society is not familiar with the social reality lived by physically disabled persons. Due to this unfamiliarity during social interactions the disabled members of society are imposed with unequal relationships.
- Mažeikienė, N.; Ruškė, J.(2011).The concept and development of dignity for people with disabilities from different theoretical perspectives: from essentialism to social constructivism. Special Education. ISSN 1392-5369. 2011, nr. 1(24).
- Deimantė Šėporaitytė, Vytautas Magnus University, Artūras Tereškinas, Vytautas Magnus University (2007) Disabled people’s opportunities to work and study in Lithuania
All the recent research studies and projects can be found at UNRIIS universal system.
Academic publications which are relevant to disability equality or accessibility:
- Ruškus, Jonas (2009). Vytautas Magnus university. Regard critique sur l’intégration des personnes handicapées en Lituanie. A critical look at integration of persons with disability in Lithuania. L’éducation inclusive en France et dans le monde. Suresnes : Ed. de l’INS HEA. ISSN 1957-0341. In Lithuania today the social situation is such that making a decision inevitably opposes two styles of management, activities and approaches. One of the styles is oriented toward insularity, hierarchies, and uniformity. The other is oriented toward openness and making room for diversity. As for principles, new laws on special education and social integration of disabled persons have been adopted. But segregationist mentality and behaviour still exert a clear influence. The author, echoing recent research, shows that in the field of education several tasks are particularly topical: the definition of educational needs to be taken into account, work on the coordination of educational and pedagogical projects, the creation of positive teaching models for young disabled persons, the consideration by specialists of the users’ (parents, children) point of view.
- Ruolytė, Rūta (2008), Vytautas Magnus University. Disabled students’ counselling centre - precondition of equal opportunities. Social work. Experience and methods. Kaunas: Lithuanian laws establish that any higher educational establishment provides conditions for a disabled student to study, and the right to studying is granted to any high school graduate. Disabled students of higher educational establishments encounter problems such as physical inaccessibility of the environment; a lack of adapted training and educational materials (literature in braille, audio books, etc.), the living environment (dormitories) is not adapted for their specific needs, the need of assistants, a negative attitude of some members of the academic community.
- Ruškus, Jonas (2008), Vytautas Magnus University. Professional carrier and its` management of persons with disability: state and possibilities. Vocational Education: Research and Reality. Kaunas. ISSN 1392-6241.