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Romania

A. UN Convention status

A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention

Romania ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in November 2010 (Law no. 221 from 11 November 2010, for the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, published in the Official Gazette no.792 from 26 November 2010).

Links

Update date: Fri, 2016-04-22

A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol

Romania signed the Optional Protocol on 25 September 2008, but has not ratified it to date (2016).

Links

Update date: Fri, 2016-04-22

A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections

Romania did not register any reservations or objections during the process of ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

A4. Comprehensive review

Romania has not yet realised a comprehensive review on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Although it was supposed to submit the first progress report two years after the ratification of the UN CRPD, Romania has postponed this until the adoption of the new National Disability Strategy, ”A society without barriers for people with disabilities, 2016 - 2020”, which has been adopted on 14 September 2016, together with a corresponding National Action Plan.
The Institute for Public Policy (IPP) has issued annual shadow reports (in 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015) on CRPD implementation in Romania.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2017-09-12

A5. Focal point

The focal point in relation to the implementation of CRPD in Romania is the National Agency for Persons with Disabilities, governmental body under the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice, set up in 2015.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-06-22

A6. Coordination mechanism

The coordination mechanism for matters relating to the implementation of CRPD is the Directorate for Persons with Disabilities Protection (DPDP) of the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice. It coordinates activities and develops policies and strategies on the rights of persons with disabilities.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2017-09-12

A7. Independent mechanism

On 21 December 2015, the Senate has adopted a bill regarding the establishment of the Independent Monitoring Mechanism (The Monitoring Council) of the UN Convention. In relation to this, another mechanism to prevent torture and inhuman attitudes towards persons deprived of liberty is the National Mechanism for Preventing Torture founded in 2014 as a department of the Romanian Ombudsman. Romania ratified The Optional Protocol of the Convention against Torture in 2009.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

A8. Official reporting

Romania has not yet released an official report on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. According to the National Disability Strategy, adopted on 14 September 2016, the official reporting will be made annually by the National Authority for Persons with Disabilities. The methodology and monitoring tools are approved by order of the Minister for Labour and Social Justice. The first report will be published by the end of 2017.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2017-09-12

A9. Shadow reporting

No civil society reports have yet been submitted to the UN Committee. The Institute for Public Policy (IPP) has issued shadow reports annually (since 2011). A fifth edition of the Monitoring report on the state of preparedness for the implementation of the UN Convention was published in December 2015.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2017-09-12

B. General legal framework

B1. Anti-discrimination legislation

Equal rights for persons with disabilities in Romania, as well as the prevention of any form of discrimination, is ensured through the Constitution (article 16, Equality in rights); Law no. 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities; Ordinance 137/2000, approved by Law 48/2002 regarding the prevention and sanctioning of all forms of discrimination (as amended); Law no. 202/2002 regarding the equality of chances between women and men. Ordinance 137/2000 was the first legal text used effectively in Romania for sanctioning discriminatory measures in relation with persons with disabilities, well before the release of the specific Law on the protection of the rights of persons with disabilities (448/2006).

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-06-22

B2. Recognition of legal capacity

Legal capacity is regulated by the Civil Code, which was lastly updated in 2017 (Law no. 17/2017). Persons with disabilities whose legal capacity is restricted through court orders do not enjoy full liberties in Romania, in the sense that they cannot vote or sign legal documents, they cannot decide for themselves about a number of juridical and medical matters and they cannot marry or adopt a child. These persons benefit from two possible measures of juridical protection measures: ‘tutela’ (guardianship) and ‘curatela’ (trusteeship). The Civil Code introduced in 2011 a new measure called a ‘family council’, which advises the legal guardian in all matters related to the protection of rights and interests of persons with disabilities. Guardianship is usually a permanent measure, and the law does not mention a regular (mandatory) review of decisions, or the possibility of specific exemptions related to the legal rights of a person with severe intellectual disabilities.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

B3. Accessibility of voting and elections

The right to vote is guaranteed by the Romanian Constitution (Article 36(1)), for all Romanian citizens over 18 years of age. Persons with intellectual disabilities, who are not accorded full legal capacity (following a court order), do not have the right to vote (Constitution of Romania, article 36(2)). For all persons with disabilities, who are entitled to vote, specific accessibility conditions need to be in place on voting days (such as: access ramps within buildings where polling stations are arranged, voting booths with dimensions that allow entry to wheelchairs, tables that have appropriate height for people voting in the wheelchair, curtains covering the voting booths). A mobile team from the electoral bureau may be deployed at the person’s home, if the person has mobility difficulties. Actually, during the 2014 and 2016 electoral process, mass media and institutions with activity in this field released very serious problems occurring when people with disabilities wanted to vote because of lack of accessibility. Being part of ex-ante conditionality for ESI funds received by Romania during 2014 – 2020, the principle of accessibility will be further addressed by the Direction for People with Disabilities Protection within its current actions for improving physical, communicational and informational accessibility for all public institutions.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2017-09-12

B4. Official recognition of sign language

Sign language is not yet recognised in Romania as an official language. There was a law project advanced in the Parliament in 2013 on the recognition of sign language, but it was rejected at the end of 2015 by the Chamber of Deputies. According to Law 448/2006 (article 61(f) and article 69), public authorities, as well as public and private organisations and institutions have to make sure that interpreters for sign language are available in all situations that require translation for persons with hearing disabilities. The method for authorizing sign language interpreters is described in the Order of the Minister of Labour and Social Justice, the President of the National Authority for Persons with Disabilities and the Minister of National Education no. 671/1640/61/2007 and was published in the Official Gazette no.662/27.09.2007, Part I. A list of authorized sign language interpreters is available on the website of the National Authority for People with Disabilities and it was last updated on March 2017.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

B5. National disability strategy and action plan

The National Disability Strategy 'A society without barriers for people with disabilities, 2016 – 2020' was adopted on 14 September 2016, after three years of public
consultation. The National Action Plan on implementation of the Strategy was adopted the same day.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

C. Accessibility

C1. Transport accessibility

Accessibility measures for transportation of persons with disabilities in Romania are included in Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter IV – Accessibility, Article 64). According to this law, all new means of public transportation have to be accessible for persons with disabilities. Old forms of (public) transportation must be adapted progressively, within a specified time scale. In practice, despite two deadlines set for these adaptations (in 2007 and in 2010) this calendar of adaptations has not been entirely met. Parking places, as well as bus and tram stations, have to be adapted for all persons with disabilities. A blue parking card was introduced in Romania in 2006, giving persons with disabilities access to special parking places. Persons with severe and accentuated disabilities, as well as their personal assistants, benefit from a specific number of free train and intercity tickets per year. Trains have to have at least one car adapted for wheelchair users. Taxis are obliged to transport persons with disabilities at their request. All taxi operators have to have at least one adapted vehicle for persons with reduced mobility or who are wheelchair users. According to the National Strategy on Disability, adopted in 2016, local and national public transport services have a low level of accessibility, with the rail transport being the least accessible, while the most accessible is air transport, as a result of the implementation of regulations and standards in all EU Member States.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

C2. Built environment accessibility

Accessibility measures related to public buildings and roads in Romania are included in Law 448/2006 on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter IV – Accessibility, Article 62 and 63). All new public buildings have to be accessible for persons with disabilities, as well as buildings (public or private) that are improved or renovated with public funds. Authorisations for construction cannot be given unless the accessibility conditions are in place. The accessibility standards for public buildings were issued in 2001 (NP 051/2000 regarding the adaptation of public buildings and urban spaces for persons with disabilities, approved through the Order of the Ministry of Public Works no.649/2001). In practice, despite the deadline for these complex measures of adaptations (in 2007 and in 2010), this calendar of adaptations has not been fulfilled entirely. Many public buildings and means of access remain inaccessible for wheelchair users or persons with sensory disabilities. The problem was also reported in the National Disability Strategy: "most housing blocks and public utility buildings remain inaccessible to people with disabilities due to lack of ramps, access doors and adequately sized sanitary groups”. The Strategy also stated that the main reason for these issues is the lack of a firm commitment of local and central authorities to ensuring accessibility.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2017-09-12

C3. ICT and Web accessibility

In Romania, the Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities sets out rules for accessibility regarding ICT and Web sites. By 31 December 2007, all websites and communication supports of the public institutions had to become accessible for all persons with disabilities (Chapter IV – Accessibility, Article 66-71). In practice, this deadline was not respected. Methodological Norms for implementation of the Law were released through the Government Decision no1147/2012. The Social Inspection is the agency responsible for applying sanctions in this sense.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

D. Independent living

D1. Choice of living arrangements

Persons with disabilities may choose their living arrangements in Romania, according to the Law 448/2006 on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities (article 6 and article 20). They benefit from several types of facilities for renting apartments or houses, as well as from a range of services (including residential services) in their communities.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

D2. De-institutionalisation

The National Strategy, 'A society without barriers for people with disabilities, 2016 - 2020' mentions that de-institutionalisation of people with disabilities, alongside with the development of measures to prevent the institutionalisation and to help social inclusion, are the priorities for Romania. With public money and financial assistance from the Structural Funds during 2014 – 2020, the Romanian Government plans to extend the infrastructure that supports people with disabilities to live in the community. Romania made a commitment to ensure the transition from the residential system to a system-based alternative community services. A National De-institutionalisation Plan is scheduled to be launched in 2017.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

D3. Quality of social services

Currently, all social service providers have to be accredited by a centralised structure at the level of the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice and by a local Commission of Accreditation (at county level, as well as Bucharest Municipality). A general set of quality standards is mandatory in Romania for all social service providers and the accreditation process is done in compliance with these general standards (they are very closely related to, and inspired by, the EQUASS quality system). In addition, social services for children and for persons with disabilities have to be also licensed, and they benefit from specific quality standards, equally mandatory. The licensing procedure certifies that each service for children, respectively each service for persons with disabilities complies with specific quality standards in these areas. The licensing procedure is ensured by the General Directorate for Social Assistance and Child Protection, respectively the Directorate for Persons with Disabilities Protection. However, the accreditation and licensing system in Romania, as well as the quality standards for social services, are undergoing revision, following the release, in November 2011, of a new Law on Social Assistance. The legislative document on the necessary quality standards for social services accreditation was approved in January 2015 (Order no. 67/21 January 2015).

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

D4. Provision of assistive devices at home

Persons with disabilities can benefit from assistive devices at home in accordance to the Law 448/2006 (Article 11(1)). The Methodological Norms for the Implementation of the Law 448/2006 describe the types and value of these assistive devices, which are free of charge, depending on the degree of disability and the needs of the person. These costs are also regulated by the Contract with the National Health Insurance Agency (‘Contractul-cadru privind condiţiile acordării asistenţei medicale în cadrul sistemului asigurărilor sociale de sănătate şi a normelor sale de aplicare;’)

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes

Personal assistance schemes in Romania are covered by the municipalities. The Romanian law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities, mentions two types of personal assistants: those who include family members (section 2 of the law) and professional personal assistants (section 3 of the law). They benefit from work permits as personal assistants, as well as from working conditions that are regulated under the same rules as for other workers (including annual leave, health and social insurances etc). People with disabilities do not have yet the legal basis for employing personal assistants themselves. However, the law also mentions the possibility for people with disabilities to make a request for a so called ‘assistance indemnization’, instead of personal assistants. The assistance indemnization is a cash benefit, approximately equivalent to the net salary of a personal assistant, however it does not cover the seniority, health and social insurance of this assistant. Due to effects of the economic crisis, many municipalities in Romania fired the personal assistants in 2009-2010, forcing the persons with disabilities to use this ‘option’ of assistance indemnization as a mandatory solution.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

D6. Income maintenance

All cash benefits for persons with disabilities are regulated by Law no. 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities, section 5. The specific financial benefits and the entitlements for disabled persons are generally managed in Romania on three levels. At the national level, by the Directorate for People with Disabilities Protection under the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice. At county level, by the General Directorate for Social Assistance and Child Protection (decentralised agency of the Ministry of Labour); in Romania there are 41 counties and six sectors of Bucharest Municipality (assimilated with six counties). At local level, by the Public Service for Social Assistance, within the municipality. Disability-related benefits are not available under more general schemes in Romania.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

D7. Additional costs

Persons with disabilities in Romania, as well as their careers (depending on the degree of disability) benefit from a series of so called ‘facilities’ in terms of financial deductions for certain costs (transportation, utilities etc) or more advantageous conditions for real estate loans/credits.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

D8. Retirement income

The retirement income for persons with disabilities, as well as the invalidity pensions for persons who have lost their working capacities following accidents at work are regulated by the Pension Law no. 263/2010 with all its amendments.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

E. Education

E1. Special schools

Special schools, as well as special education classes within mainstream schools, are organized for all levels of education (primary and secondary education) and are regulated by the Law on Education. The special education system uses special curricula and is provided by special education teachers (usually graduates of Psychology and Educational Sciences; section of Special Psycho-pedagogy). The main types of special educational settings in Romania are: special kindergartens/ schools/ high schools; special classrooms for children with autism/ deaf-blindness / behavioural problems; day centres; centres of curative pedagogy; centres for special education. The enrollment of students with disabilities in special schools is decided through a specific commission (the Complex Evaluation Service). The Complex Evaluation Service makes an assessment, using methods approved by the Ministry of Education, in cooperation with the General Directorate for Child Protection. By law, parents have the right to make the final decision about where their child is to be educated and they also have a duty to ensure attendance during compulsory schooling.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

E2. Mainstream schools

Children with disabilities have free and equal access to mainstream schools, according to the Law on Education, no. 1/ 5.01.2011 and to Law 448/2006 (Section 2), on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities, in relation to their needs and options. All schools should benefit from adaptation measures, funded from the State budget. On 8 December 2016, the Government adopted an Emergency Ordinance to amend the Law on Education with the provision of 'special integrated education'. The legislative document stipulates that 'special integrated education' is organised in regular education, by including every pupil with disabilities or special educational needs in mainstream groups, classes or study formations. The length of schooling of children with special educational needs may be higher than the one stipulated by law and is determined according to individual needs, degree and type of disability, by order of the Minister. By exception, special groups/classes with disabled students can be organised in schools with the approval of the County School Inspectorate/ISMB, in accordance with the methodological norms approved by order of the Minister of Education.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2017-09-12

E3. Sign language and Braille in school

Sign language is used in all special schools for children with hearing impairments. Recently, a specific programme of training for teachers was developed in Cluj (2010-2013), with the support of European Structural Funds, for the general use of sign language in schools. Braille is used in all special schools for children with sight impairments. Sign language and Braille are not yet used on a large scale in mainstream schools. The new Law on Education (no.1/2011) mentions that all pupils with disabilities should benefit from adequate support for inclusion in mainstream schools and that these support measures should be coordinated by the local Resource Centres and Educational Assistance (Articles 50 and 51 of Law no. 1/2011). The methodological norms for the organisation and functioning of these Resource Centres have been released on 7 October 2011. Pupils with sensory disabilities shall benefit as well from the exam facilities (including provision of interpreters, adjustment of examination times etc.) in all cycles of education, allowing them to pass the general examinations while using Braille or sign language.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2017-09-12

E4. Vocational training

Initial vocational training is free of charge, under the compulsory educational system, and students with disabilities can chose either a mainstream or a special vocational school (Law on Education no.1/2011). Vocational training can be also ensured under the form of requalification, specialisation and continuous training. Law no. 448/2006 stipulates the right of disabled people who are ‘looking for a job’ to have places on training courses and for this to be funded through the unemployment insurance budget. There are specific provisions that clarify when persons can benefit from training free of charge (Law no. 76/ 2004, amended by Law 107/2004, correlated with the definitions of Ordinance no. 144/2005). Persons with disabilities who are entitled to receive training free of charge should come under the following categories, according to the law: (a) they have become unemployed (as legally defined); (b) they were unable to find a job after graduating from educational institutions; (c) when employed, they have resumed work following the recovery of work capacity after benefiting from invalidity pension (in this case, training services have to be agreed with the employer or the employer requires such services, and the application is made only once within 12 months after resuming work); (d) they are in rural areas and have no monthly income, or the monthly income is lower than the level of the unemployment benefit; (e) they earn less than the gross minimum wage in the country (GEO no. 144/2005); (f) they are employed immediately after school graduation. When an employer organises training courses, the necessary training costs may be supported, at the request of employers, by the unemployment insurance budget. Law no. 107/2004, Article 27, defines specific requirements that apply to free training services. The provider of free training is supposed to ensure for trainees: the provision of theoretical and practical training, the supply of training materials, protective equipment during practical training, free transportation, medical consultation, medical tests and tests for attending courses, and accommodation and meals costs.

Links

Update date: Tue, 2017-09-12

E5. Higher education

Higher Education providers, as with all other public or private institutions, organisations and companies, are subject to non-discrimination law. Students with disabilities benefit from a certain number of facilities and adaptations in universities, according to Law no. 448/2006 (Section 2), on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities, in relation with their needs and options. For example, students with severe and accentuated disabilities can benefit from a 50% deduction of fees for accommodation and meals, if they use the university accommodation facilities. The universities are obliged to provide educational support and full accessibility (physical and informational accessibility, manuals, ICT etc.) for students with disabilities in their locations. Students can also benefit from free of charge places in holiday camps. Still, physical accessibility remains one of the main problems for students with disabilities in higher education.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-08-17

F. Employment

F1. Non-discrimination in employment

Persons with disabilities have the right to work, (as for all Romanian citizens), according to the Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter V, Article 75(1)). They may be hired on the free labour market, as well in supported employment settings and sheltered units. All persons with disabilities, regardless of their degree of disability, have therefore an equal access on the labour market, if they want to work. The loss of working capacity (for example following a working accident) is associated in Romania with the concept of ‘invalidity’ and, in this case, the access to work is regulated by a different legislation. The degree of invalidity is assessed by a different gate-keeper than the degree of disability. Persons with invalidity are prevented from working (depending on their degree of invalidity) and receive a pension of invalidity during this period. Disability status is different from this concept of invalidity and does not fall under these restrictions.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

F2. Public employment services

The main public service for promoting and mediating employment in Romania is the National Agency for Employment (Agentia Nationala pentru Ocuparea Fortei de Munca), with corresponding agencies (deconcentrated) at local level (county level). Under its coordination, there are also 8 county agencies for vocational training for unemployed persons, as well as 8 regional centres for adult training.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

F3. Workplace adaptations

The Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter V) sets out all mandatory measures for workplace adaptations, as well as incentives for employers. Public institutions and private companies are also submitted to a quota system for the employment of persons with disabilities (4% of positions have to be occupied by disabled persons, in the case of companies with more than 50 employees).

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

F4. Financial incentives

The Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter V) sets out all mandatory measures for workplace adaptations, as well as incentives for employers. Employers are offered a deduction of tax on profits when they adapt workplaces for persons with disabilities, equal to the amount invested in (a) this adaptation of the workplace, plus (b) the transportation of persons with disabilities to/from the work place, plus (c) the cost of on-the-job training of the person. They are also offered a subsidy from the State budget, according to the Law 76/2002.

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

G. Statistics and data collection

G1. Official research

The official source of data related to persons with disabilities in Romania is the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly and the National Authority for Persons with Disabilities. A quarterly statistics bulletin was released by ANPD, based on the data collected from 41 county General Directorates for Social Assistance and Child Protection, as well as from the 6 sectors of Bucharest Municipality. The bulletin contained data related to the number of persons with disabilities, the type and degree of disability, location, age, sex, types of service from which these persons benefit, and their employment.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2016-06-09

G2. Census data

The last census in Romania took place on 29-31 October 2011 and it included 8 questions related to disability, mainly focusing on the following categories of difficulties that a person might have in daily activities: sight, hearing, memory and concentration, walking or climbing stairs, personal care and communication. For each of these questions, the form included an item related to the level of difficulty and the perceived causes of this difficulty. Those persons who answered positively to the questions above were also asked about whether they had a personal assistant. This is the first time that Romania has included data about persons with disabilities in a census

Links

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

G3. Labour Force Survey

Disability issues are not yet included in the Labour Force Surveys in Romania. The Ministry of Labour and Social Justice is currently recording the number of employed persons with disabilities (per type of disability) and the number of sheltered workshops.

Links

Update date: Thu, 2017-06-22

G4. Disability equality indicators

In Romania disability equality indicators have not yet been created and are not used. .

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H. Awareness and external action

H1. Awareness raising programs

Most initiatives aimed at raising awareness on the equality and right of people with disabilities belong to independent entities (mosty civil society organizations). However, a prominent and proactive role has been assumed starting in 2015 by the National Council for Combating Discrimination in the field of disability, the Council having applied several sanctions to public authorities and private entities for infringements of the rights of persons with disabilities.

Links

Update date: Mon, 2016-05-02

H2. Training for teachers

General teachers have a basic training in relation with disability, as part of their compulsory pedagogy curriculum. Special education teachers are trained within a specific university discipline (psycho-pedagogy/ psihopedagogie speciala) and they are usually graduating the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences. Each main University in Romania has such a Faculty and a department of psycho-pedagogy. Special education teachers usually work in: (a) special schools, (b) resource centres and educational assistance and/or disability issues, (c) as support teachers in mainstream schools or (d) as professionals in the speech therapy centres (centre logopedice). For special education teachers, each main University in Romania (in the big cities) has a Department of Psychology and Educational Science.

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

H3. Training for lawyers

No specific training exists for lawyers in Romania, with regards to the UNCRPD or to disability-related issues.

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H4. Training for doctors

No specific training exists for doctors in Romania, with regards to the UNCRPD or to disability-related issues. However, all medical doctors benefit from a university curriculum (compulsory) in which all types of impairments are studied.

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H5. Training for engineers

No specific training with regards to the UNCRPD or to disability-related issues (accessibility norms etc.) exists for engineers in Romania.

Update date: Fri, 2012-03-23

H6. International development aid

No specific training exist for the Romanian workers involved in the international development aid with regards to the UNCRPD or to disability-related issues (accessibility norms etc.). There is also no specific document (law, strategy, set of rules etc) that mentions the inclusion of disabled persons in international aid activities. The institutions involved in such activities are, however, submitted to the anti-discrimination legislation in Romania.

Update date: Fri, 2015-02-27

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                    [rgt] => 77
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f3-workplace-adaptations
                    [title] => F3. Workplace adaptations
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 39
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

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                (
                    [id] => 41
                    [parent_id] => 37
                    [lft] => 78
                    [rgt] => 79
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => f4-financial-incentives
                    [title] => F4. Financial incentives
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 40
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
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                    [children] => 0
                )

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                (
                    [id] => 42
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 81
                    [rgt] => 90
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => g-statistics-and-data-collection
                    [title] => G. Statistics and data collection
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 41
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 4
                )

            [41] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 43
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 82
                    [rgt] => 83
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g1-official-research
                    [title] => G1. Official research
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 42
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [42] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 44
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 84
                    [rgt] => 85
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g2-census-data
                    [title] => G2. Census data
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 43
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [43] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 45
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 86
                    [rgt] => 87
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g3-labour-force-survey
                    [title] => G3. Labour Force Survey
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 44
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

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                (
                    [id] => 46
                    [parent_id] => 42
                    [lft] => 88
                    [rgt] => 89
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => g4-disability-equality-indicators
                    [title] => G4. Disability equality indicators
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 45
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

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                (
                    [id] => 47
                    [parent_id] => 1
                    [lft] => 91
                    [rgt] => 104
                    [level] => 1
                    [slug] => h-awareness-and-external-action
                    [title] => H. Awareness and external action
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 46
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 6
                )

            [46] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 48
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 92
                    [rgt] => 93
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h1-awareness-raising-programs
                    [title] => H1. Awareness raising programs
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 47
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [47] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 49
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 94
                    [rgt] => 95
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h2-training-for-teachers
                    [title] => H2. Training for teachers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 48
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [48] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 50
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 96
                    [rgt] => 97
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h3-training-for-lawyers
                    [title] => H3. Training for lawyers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 49
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [49] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 51
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 98
                    [rgt] => 99
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h4-training-for-doctors
                    [title] => H4. Training for doctors
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 50
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [50] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 52
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 100
                    [rgt] => 101
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h5-training-for-engineers
                    [title] => H5. Training for engineers
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 51
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

            [51] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [id] => 53
                    [parent_id] => 47
                    [lft] => 102
                    [rgt] => 103
                    [level] => 2
                    [slug] => h6-international-development-aid
                    [title] => H6. International development aid
                    [alias] => 
                    [access] => 0
                    [path] => 
                    [ordering] => 52
                    [state] => 1
                    [published] => 1
                    [checked_out] => 0
                    [checked_out_time] => 2016-07-01 12:00:00
                    [created_by] => 548
                    [modified_by] => 548
                    [children] => 0
                )

        )

    [results] => Array
        (
            [28] => stdClass Object
                (
                    [parent] => EU Member States
                    [location] => Romania
                    [location_id] => 28
                    [location_slug] => romania
                    [themes] => Array
                        (
                            [3] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A1. Ratification or conclusion of the UN Convention
                                    [theme_slug] => a1-ratification-or-conclusion-of-the-un-convention
                                    [theme_id] => 3
                                    [contents] => Romania ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in November 2010 (Law no. 221 from 11 November 2010, for the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, published in the Official Gazette no.792 from 26 November 2010).
                                    [update_date] => 2016-04-22 14:22:13
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => Law 221/2010 on the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
                                                    [url] => http://lege5.ro/Gratuit/geztqnzqgi/legea-nr-221-2010-pentru-ratificarea-conventiei-privind-drepturile-persoanelor-cu-dizabilitati-adoptata-la-new-york-de-adunarea-generala-a-organizatiei-natiunilor-unite-la-13-decembrie-2006-deschisa-s
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [4] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A2. Ratification or accession to the Optional Protocol
                                    [theme_slug] => a2-ratification-or-accession-to-the-optional-protocol
                                    [theme_id] => 4
                                    [contents] => Romania signed the Optional Protocol on 25 September 2008, but has not ratified it to date (2016).
                                    [update_date] => 2016-04-22 14:27:57
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                            [0] => stdClass Object
                                                (
                                                    [title] => The map on ratifications of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities or its Optional Protocol
                                                    [url] => http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/CRPD/Pages/CRPDIndex.aspx
                                                )

                                        )

                                )

                            [5] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A3. Declarations, Reservations and Objections
                                    [theme_slug] => a3-declarations-reservations-and-objections
                                    [theme_id] => 5
                                    [contents] => Romania did not register any reservations or objections during the process of ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
                                    [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:51:02
                                    [links] => Array
                                        (
                                        )

                                )

                            [6] => stdClass Object
                                (
                                    [parent] => A. UN Convention status
                                    [theme_title] => A4. Comprehensive review
                                    [theme_slug] => a4-comprehensive-review
                                    [theme_id] => 6
                                    [contents] => Romania has not yet realised a comprehensive review on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Although it was supposed to submit the first progress report two years after the ratification of the UN CRPD, Romania has postponed this until the adoption of the new National Disability Strategy, ”A society without barriers for people with disabilities, 2016 - 2020”, which has been adopted on 14 September 2016, together with a corresponding National Action Plan.
The Institute for Public Policy (IPP) has issued annual shadow reports (in 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015) on CRPD implementation in Romania. [update_date] => 2017-09-12 17:56:10 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => IPP shadow reports [url] => http://www.ipp.ro/raport-de-monitorizare-a-stadiului-de-pregatire-a-romaniei-pentru-aplicarea-conventiei-onu-privind-drepturile-persoanelor-cu-dizabilitati-editia-a-iii-a/ ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Other alternative reports of civil society organisations (National Disability Council) [url] => http://observatorul.ro/data/documente/308/21344.pdf ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The National Strategy ”A society without barriers for people with disabilities” 2016 - 2020 [url] => http://anpd.gov.ro/web/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/MO-nr-737Bis-din-22-septembrie-2016.pdf ) ) ) [7] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => A. UN Convention status [theme_title] => A5. Focal point [theme_slug] => a5-focal-point [theme_id] => 7 [contents] => The focal point in relation to the implementation of CRPD in Romania is the National Agency for Persons with Disabilities, governmental body under the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice, set up in 2015. [update_date] => 2017-06-22 11:30:31 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Website of ANPD (National Agency for Persons with Disabilities) [url] => http://anpd.gov.ro/web/ ) ) ) [8] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => A. UN Convention status [theme_title] => A6. Coordination mechanism [theme_slug] => a6-coordination-mechanism [theme_id] => 8 [contents] => The coordination mechanism for matters relating to the implementation of CRPD is the Directorate for Persons with Disabilities Protection (DPDP) of the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice. It coordinates activities and develops policies and strategies on the rights of persons with disabilities. [update_date] => 2017-09-12 17:57:16 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 221/2010 on the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [url] => http://www.legestart.ro/Legea-221-2010-ratificarea-Conventiei-drepturile-persoanelor-dizabilitati-adoptata-New-York-Adunarea-Generala-Organizatiei-Natiunilor-Unite-13-decembrie-2006-deschis-%28MzY0ODcx%29.htm ) ) ) [9] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => A. UN Convention status [theme_title] => A7. Independent mechanism [theme_slug] => a7-independent-mechanism [theme_id] => 9 [contents] => On 21 December 2015, the Senate has adopted a bill regarding the establishment of the Independent Monitoring Mechanism (The Monitoring Council) of the UN Convention. In relation to this, another mechanism to prevent torture and inhuman attitudes towards persons deprived of liberty is the National Mechanism for Preventing Torture founded in 2014 as a department of the Romanian Ombudsman. Romania ratified The Optional Protocol of the Convention against Torture in 2009. [update_date] => 2017-08-17 15:06:28 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Emergency Ordinance no 48/2014 for the amendment of Law 35/1997 on the organization and functioning of the Ombudsman [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/oug_48_2014_modificare_lege_35_1997_institutia_avocatul_poporului_acte_normative.php ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law on the establishment of the mechanisms provided by the CRPD [url] => https://www.senat.ro/legis/PDF/2015/15L303FS.pdf ) ) ) [10] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => A. UN Convention status [theme_title] => A8. Official reporting [theme_slug] => a8-official-reporting [theme_id] => 10 [contents] => Romania has not yet released an official report on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. According to the National Disability Strategy, adopted on 14 September 2016, the official reporting will be made annually by the National Authority for Persons with Disabilities. The methodology and monitoring tools are approved by order of the Minister for Labour and Social Justice. The first report will be published by the end of 2017. [update_date] => 2017-09-12 18:03:09 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => State reports to the UN Committee [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=143&DocTypeID=29 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Link to all UN reporting cycle documentation [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=143 ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Press release on the adoption of the National Disability Strategy [url] => http://www.mediafax.ro/social/guvernul-a-adoptat-strategia-o-societate-fara-bariere-pentru-persoanele-cu-dizabilitati-15705510 ) ) ) [11] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => A. UN Convention status [theme_title] => A9. Shadow reporting [theme_slug] => a9-shadow-reporting [theme_id] => 11 [contents] => No civil society reports have yet been submitted to the UN Committee. The Institute for Public Policy (IPP) has issued shadow reports annually (since 2011). A fifth edition of the Monitoring report on the state of preparedness for the implementation of the UN Convention was published in December 2015. [update_date] => 2017-09-12 18:04:12 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Civil society reports to the UN Committee [url] => http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/TBSearch.aspx?Lang=en&TreatyID=4&CountryID=143&DocTypeID=14 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => IPP Monitoring report on the state of preparedness for implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities [url] => http://www.ipp.ro/pagini/raport-de-monitorizare-a-stadiului-de-pr-1.php ) ) ) [13] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B1. Anti-discrimination legislation [theme_slug] => b1-anti-discrimination-legislation [theme_id] => 13 [contents] => Equal rights for persons with disabilities in Romania, as well as the prevention of any form of discrimination, is ensured through the Constitution (article 16, Equality in rights); Law no. 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities; Ordinance 137/2000, approved by Law 48/2002 regarding the prevention and sanctioning of all forms of discrimination (as amended); Law no. 202/2002 regarding the equality of chances between women and men. Ordinance 137/2000 was the first legal text used effectively in Romania for sanctioning discriminatory measures in relation with persons with disabilities, well before the release of the specific Law on the protection of the rights of persons with disabilities (448/2006). [update_date] => 2017-06-22 11:46:47 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Constitution of Romania [url] => http://www.cdep.ro/pls/dic/site.page?id=339 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 48/2002 [url] => http://legislatie.resurse-pentru-democratie.org/48_2002.php#77_2003 ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Ordinance 137/2000 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/og_137_2000_prevenire_sanctionare_forme_discriminare_republicata.php ) [4] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 202/2002 [url] => http://legislatie.resurse-pentru-democratie.org/202_2002.php ) ) ) [14] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B2. Recognition of legal capacity [theme_slug] => b2-recognition-of-legal-capacity [theme_id] => 14 [contents] => Legal capacity is regulated by the Civil Code, which was lastly updated in 2017 (Law no. 17/2017). Persons with disabilities whose legal capacity is restricted through court orders do not enjoy full liberties in Romania, in the sense that they cannot vote or sign legal documents, they cannot decide for themselves about a number of juridical and medical matters and they cannot marry or adopt a child. These persons benefit from two possible measures of juridical protection measures: ‘tutela’ (guardianship) and ‘curatela’ (trusteeship). The Civil Code introduced in 2011 a new measure called a ‘family council’, which advises the legal guardian in all matters related to the protection of rights and interests of persons with disabilities. Guardianship is usually a permanent measure, and the law does not mention a regular (mandatory) review of decisions, or the possibility of specific exemptions related to the legal rights of a person with severe intellectual disabilities. [update_date] => 2017-08-17 15:14:22 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Civil Code of Romania, updated (2017) [url] => http://legeaz.net/noul-cod-civil/ ) ) ) [15] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B3. Accessibility of voting and elections [theme_slug] => b3-accessibility-of-voting-and-elections [theme_id] => 15 [contents] => The right to vote is guaranteed by the Romanian Constitution (Article 36(1)), for all Romanian citizens over 18 years of age. Persons with intellectual disabilities, who are not accorded full legal capacity (following a court order), do not have the right to vote (Constitution of Romania, article 36(2)). For all persons with disabilities, who are entitled to vote, specific accessibility conditions need to be in place on voting days (such as: access ramps within buildings where polling stations are arranged, voting booths with dimensions that allow entry to wheelchairs, tables that have appropriate height for people voting in the wheelchair, curtains covering the voting booths). A mobile team from the electoral bureau may be deployed at the person’s home, if the person has mobility difficulties. Actually, during the 2014 and 2016 electoral process, mass media and institutions with activity in this field released very serious problems occurring when people with disabilities wanted to vote because of lack of accessibility. Being part of ex-ante conditionality for ESI funds received by Romania during 2014 – 2020, the principle of accessibility will be further addressed by the Direction for People with Disabilities Protection within its current actions for improving physical, communicational and informational accessibility for all public institutions. [update_date] => 2017-09-12 18:06:02 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Constitution of Romania [url] => http://www.cdep.ro/pls/dic/site.page?id=339 ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Problems reported by the National Council of Disability in Romania on the accessibility issues for 2016 elections [url] => http://articole.observatorul.ro/si-la-aceste-alegeri-persoanele-cu-dizabilitati-sunt-batjocura-autoritatilor.html ) ) ) [16] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B4. Official recognition of sign language [theme_slug] => b4-official-recognition-of-sign-language [theme_id] => 16 [contents] => Sign language is not yet recognised in Romania as an official language. There was a law project advanced in the Parliament in 2013 on the recognition of sign language, but it was rejected at the end of 2015 by the Chamber of Deputies. According to Law 448/2006 (article 61(f) and article 69), public authorities, as well as public and private organisations and institutions have to make sure that interpreters for sign language are available in all situations that require translation for persons with hearing disabilities. The method for authorizing sign language interpreters is described in the Order of the Minister of Labour and Social Justice, the President of the National Authority for Persons with Disabilities and the Minister of National Education no. 671/1640/61/2007 and was published in the Official Gazette no.662/27.09.2007, Part I. A list of authorized sign language interpreters is available on the website of the National Authority for People with Disabilities and it was last updated on March 2017. [update_date] => 2017-08-17 15:18:31 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 (articles 61 and 69) [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => List of authorized interpreters for sign language (updated March 2017) [url] => http://anpd.gov.ro/web/informatii-utile/lista-interpreti-ai-limbajului-mimico-gestual/ ) ) ) [17] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => B. General legal framework [theme_title] => B5. National disability strategy and action plan [theme_slug] => b5-national-disability-strategy-and-action-plan [theme_id] => 17 [contents] => The National Disability Strategy 'A society without barriers for people with disabilities, 2016 – 2020' was adopted on 14 September 2016, after three years of public
consultation. The National Action Plan on implementation of the Strategy was adopted the same day. [update_date] => 2017-08-17 15:20:03 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The National Strategy 'A society without barriers for people with disabilities', 2016 - 2020 [url] => http://anpd.gov.ro/web/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/MO-nr-737Bis-din-22-septembrie-2016.pdf ) ) ) [19] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C1. Transport accessibility [theme_slug] => c1-transport-accessibility [theme_id] => 19 [contents] => Accessibility measures for transportation of persons with disabilities in Romania are included in Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter IV – Accessibility, Article 64). According to this law, all new means of public transportation have to be accessible for persons with disabilities. Old forms of (public) transportation must be adapted progressively, within a specified time scale. In practice, despite two deadlines set for these adaptations (in 2007 and in 2010) this calendar of adaptations has not been entirely met. Parking places, as well as bus and tram stations, have to be adapted for all persons with disabilities. A blue parking card was introduced in Romania in 2006, giving persons with disabilities access to special parking places. Persons with severe and accentuated disabilities, as well as their personal assistants, benefit from a specific number of free train and intercity tickets per year. Trains have to have at least one car adapted for wheelchair users. Taxis are obliged to transport persons with disabilities at their request. All taxi operators have to have at least one adapted vehicle for persons with reduced mobility or who are wheelchair users. According to the National Strategy on Disability, adopted in 2016, local and national public transport services have a low level of accessibility, with the rail transport being the least accessible, while the most accessible is air transport, as a result of the implementation of regulations and standards in all EU Member States. [update_date] => 2017-08-17 16:36:03 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [20] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C2. Built environment accessibility [theme_slug] => c2-built-environment-accessibility [theme_id] => 20 [contents] => Accessibility measures related to public buildings and roads in Romania are included in Law 448/2006 on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter IV – Accessibility, Article 62 and 63). All new public buildings have to be accessible for persons with disabilities, as well as buildings (public or private) that are improved or renovated with public funds. Authorisations for construction cannot be given unless the accessibility conditions are in place. The accessibility standards for public buildings were issued in 2001 (NP 051/2000 regarding the adaptation of public buildings and urban spaces for persons with disabilities, approved through the Order of the Ministry of Public Works no.649/2001). In practice, despite the deadline for these complex measures of adaptations (in 2007 and in 2010), this calendar of adaptations has not been fulfilled entirely. Many public buildings and means of access remain inaccessible for wheelchair users or persons with sensory disabilities. The problem was also reported in the National Disability Strategy: "most housing blocks and public utility buildings remain inaccessible to people with disabilities due to lack of ramps, access doors and adequately sized sanitary groups”. The Strategy also stated that the main reason for these issues is the lack of a firm commitment of local and central authorities to ensuring accessibility. [update_date] => 2017-09-12 18:08:51 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Accessibility Norms NP 051/2000 [url] => http://www.onphr.ro/dizabilitatea/accesibilitatea/normativ-pentru-adaptarea-cladirilor-civile-si-spatiului-urban-aferent-la-exigentele-persoanelor-cu-dizabilitati/ ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 (articles 62 and 63) [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [21] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => C. Accessibility [theme_title] => C3. ICT and Web accessibility [theme_slug] => c3-ict-and-web-accessibility [theme_id] => 21 [contents] => In Romania, the Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities sets out rules for accessibility regarding ICT and Web sites. By 31 December 2007, all websites and communication supports of the public institutions had to become accessible for all persons with disabilities (Chapter IV – Accessibility, Article 66-71). In practice, this deadline was not respected. Methodological Norms for implementation of the Law were released through the Government Decision no1147/2012. The Social Inspection is the agency responsible for applying sanctions in this sense. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:48:30 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Methodologic Norms for the implementation of the Law 448/2006 [url] => http://www.legenet.net/?page=view_act&actiune=view&idact=MjEyMzM3Mg%3D%3D&art=0&refact=&tematici=&tip_doc=&form_action=&ln2iss=ennosxv39leirml1qyv23ccdkkpcs53d0g7bgfjn ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [23] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D1. Choice of living arrangements [theme_slug] => d1-choice-of-living-arrangements [theme_id] => 23 [contents] => Persons with disabilities may choose their living arrangements in Romania, according to the Law 448/2006 on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities (article 6 and article 20). They benefit from several types of facilities for renting apartments or houses, as well as from a range of services (including residential services) in their communities. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:48:20 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [24] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D2. De-institutionalisation [theme_slug] => d2-de-institutionalisation [theme_id] => 24 [contents] => The National Strategy, 'A society without barriers for people with disabilities, 2016 - 2020' mentions that de-institutionalisation of people with disabilities, alongside with the development of measures to prevent the institutionalisation and to help social inclusion, are the priorities for Romania. With public money and financial assistance from the Structural Funds during 2014 – 2020, the Romanian Government plans to extend the infrastructure that supports people with disabilities to live in the community. Romania made a commitment to ensure the transition from the residential system to a system-based alternative community services. A National De-institutionalisation Plan is scheduled to be launched in 2017. [update_date] => 2017-08-17 16:47:54 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The National Strategy 'A society without barriers for people with disabilities', 2016 - 2020 [url] => http://anpd.gov.ro/web/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/MO-nr-737Bis-din-22-septembrie-2016.pdf ) ) ) [25] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D3. Quality of social services [theme_slug] => d3-quality-of-social-services [theme_id] => 25 [contents] => Currently, all social service providers have to be accredited by a centralised structure at the level of the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice and by a local Commission of Accreditation (at county level, as well as Bucharest Municipality). A general set of quality standards is mandatory in Romania for all social service providers and the accreditation process is done in compliance with these general standards (they are very closely related to, and inspired by, the EQUASS quality system). In addition, social services for children and for persons with disabilities have to be also licensed, and they benefit from specific quality standards, equally mandatory. The licensing procedure certifies that each service for children, respectively each service for persons with disabilities complies with specific quality standards in these areas. The licensing procedure is ensured by the General Directorate for Social Assistance and Child Protection, respectively the Directorate for Persons with Disabilities Protection. However, the accreditation and licensing system in Romania, as well as the quality standards for social services, are undergoing revision, following the release, in November 2011, of a new Law on Social Assistance. The legislative document on the necessary quality standards for social services accreditation was approved in January 2015 (Order no. 67/21 January 2015). [update_date] => 2017-08-17 16:50:52 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Proposal of the Ministry of Labour for the actualisation of quality standards for social services [url] => http://www.mmuncii.ro/j33/index.php/ro/transparenta/proiecte-in-dezbatere/3459-2014-08-11-ordin-mmfpspv ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Order no. 67/21 of January 2015 on approving minimum quality standards for accreditation of social services for adults with disabilities [url] => http://www.mmuncii.ro/j33/index.php/ro/2014-domenii/familie/politici-familiale-incluziune-si-asistenta-sociala/3708 ) ) ) [26] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D4. Provision of assistive devices at home [theme_slug] => d4-provision-of-assistive-devices-at-home [theme_id] => 26 [contents] => Persons with disabilities can benefit from assistive devices at home in accordance to the Law 448/2006 (Article 11(1)). The Methodological Norms for the Implementation of the Law 448/2006 describe the types and value of these assistive devices, which are free of charge, depending on the degree of disability and the needs of the person. These costs are also regulated by the Contract with the National Health Insurance Agency (‘Contractul-cadru privind condiţiile acordării asistenţei medicale în cadrul sistemului asigurărilor sociale de sănătate şi a normelor sale de aplicare;’) [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:47:36 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Methodological Norms for the implementation of Law 448/2006 [url] => http://www.legenet.net/?page=view_act&actiune=view&idact=MjEyMzM3Mg%3D%3D&art=0&refact=&tematici=&tip_doc=&form_action=&ln2iss=ennosxv39leirml1qyv23ccdkkpcs53d0g7bgfjn ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [27] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D5. Availability of personal assistance schemes [theme_slug] => d5-availability-of-personal-assistance-schemes [theme_id] => 27 [contents] => Personal assistance schemes in Romania are covered by the municipalities. The Romanian law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities, mentions two types of personal assistants: those who include family members (section 2 of the law) and professional personal assistants (section 3 of the law). They benefit from work permits as personal assistants, as well as from working conditions that are regulated under the same rules as for other workers (including annual leave, health and social insurances etc). People with disabilities do not have yet the legal basis for employing personal assistants themselves. However, the law also mentions the possibility for people with disabilities to make a request for a so called ‘assistance indemnization’, instead of personal assistants. The assistance indemnization is a cash benefit, approximately equivalent to the net salary of a personal assistant, however it does not cover the seniority, health and social insurance of this assistant. Due to effects of the economic crisis, many municipalities in Romania fired the personal assistants in 2009-2010, forcing the persons with disabilities to use this ‘option’ of assistance indemnization as a mandatory solution. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:47:22 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [28] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D6. Income maintenance [theme_slug] => d6-income-maintenance [theme_id] => 28 [contents] => All cash benefits for persons with disabilities are regulated by Law no. 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities, section 5. The specific financial benefits and the entitlements for disabled persons are generally managed in Romania on three levels. At the national level, by the Directorate for People with Disabilities Protection under the Ministry of Labour and Social Justice. At county level, by the General Directorate for Social Assistance and Child Protection (decentralised agency of the Ministry of Labour); in Romania there are 41 counties and six sectors of Bucharest Municipality (assimilated with six counties). At local level, by the Public Service for Social Assistance, within the municipality. Disability-related benefits are not available under more general schemes in Romania. [update_date] => 2017-08-17 16:52:48 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law no. 448/2006 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [29] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D7. Additional costs [theme_slug] => d7-additional-costs [theme_id] => 29 [contents] => Persons with disabilities in Romania, as well as their careers (depending on the degree of disability) benefit from a series of so called ‘facilities’ in terms of financial deductions for certain costs (transportation, utilities etc) or more advantageous conditions for real estate loans/credits. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:47:01 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006, Chapter II, Section 7 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [30] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => D. Independent living [theme_title] => D8. Retirement income [theme_slug] => d8-retirement-income [theme_id] => 30 [contents] => The retirement income for persons with disabilities, as well as the invalidity pensions for persons who have lost their working capacities following accidents at work are regulated by the Pension Law no. 263/2010 with all its amendments. [update_date] => 2017-08-17 16:53:41 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law on Pensions no. 263/2010 (updated in 2016) [url] => http://legeaz.net/legea-pensiilor/ ) ) ) [32] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E1. Special schools [theme_slug] => e1-special-schools [theme_id] => 32 [contents] => Special schools, as well as special education classes within mainstream schools, are organized for all levels of education (primary and secondary education) and are regulated by the Law on Education. The special education system uses special curricula and is provided by special education teachers (usually graduates of Psychology and Educational Sciences; section of Special Psycho-pedagogy). The main types of special educational settings in Romania are: special kindergartens/ schools/ high schools; special classrooms for children with autism/ deaf-blindness / behavioural problems; day centres; centres of curative pedagogy; centres for special education. The enrollment of students with disabilities in special schools is decided through a specific commission (the Complex Evaluation Service). The Complex Evaluation Service makes an assessment, using methods approved by the Ministry of Education, in cooperation with the General Directorate for Child Protection. By law, parents have the right to make the final decision about where their child is to be educated and they also have a duty to ensure attendance during compulsory schooling. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:46:37 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law on Education, no.1/ 5.01.2011 [url] => http://www.edu.ro ) ) ) [33] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E2. Mainstream schools [theme_slug] => e2-mainstream-schools [theme_id] => 33 [contents] => Children with disabilities have free and equal access to mainstream schools, according to the Law on Education, no. 1/ 5.01.2011 and to Law 448/2006 (Section 2), on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities, in relation to their needs and options. All schools should benefit from adaptation measures, funded from the State budget. On 8 December 2016, the Government adopted an Emergency Ordinance to amend the Law on Education with the provision of 'special integrated education'. The legislative document stipulates that 'special integrated education' is organised in regular education, by including every pupil with disabilities or special educational needs in mainstream groups, classes or study formations. The length of schooling of children with special educational needs may be higher than the one stipulated by law and is determined according to individual needs, degree and type of disability, by order of the Minister. By exception, special groups/classes with disabled students can be organised in schools with the approval of the County School Inspectorate/ISMB, in accordance with the methodological norms approved by order of the Minister of Education. [update_date] => 2017-09-12 18:26:01 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law on Education, no.1/ 5.01.2011 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/legea_educatiei_nationale_lege_1_2011.php ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006, Chapter II, Section 7 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Emergency Ordinance to amend the Law on Education [url] => https://www.edu.ro/sites/default/files/Proiect%20OUG_final.pdf ) ) ) [34] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E3. Sign language and Braille in school [theme_slug] => e3-sign-language-and-braille-in-school [theme_id] => 34 [contents] => Sign language is used in all special schools for children with hearing impairments. Recently, a specific programme of training for teachers was developed in Cluj (2010-2013), with the support of European Structural Funds, for the general use of sign language in schools. Braille is used in all special schools for children with sight impairments. Sign language and Braille are not yet used on a large scale in mainstream schools. The new Law on Education (no.1/2011) mentions that all pupils with disabilities should benefit from adequate support for inclusion in mainstream schools and that these support measures should be coordinated by the local Resource Centres and Educational Assistance (Articles 50 and 51 of Law no. 1/2011). The methodological norms for the organisation and functioning of these Resource Centres have been released on 7 October 2011. Pupils with sensory disabilities shall benefit as well from the exam facilities (including provision of interpreters, adjustment of examination times etc.) in all cycles of education, allowing them to pass the general examinations while using Braille or sign language. [update_date] => 2017-09-12 18:13:19 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law on Education no 1/2011 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/legea_educatiei_nationale_lege_1_2011.php ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Regulation for the Organisation and Functioning of the County Resource Centres for Educational Assistance [url] => http://www.cmbrae.ro/legi/OMECTS_Nr_5555_07102011_rof_CMBRAE.pdf ) ) ) [35] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E4. Vocational training [theme_slug] => e4-vocational-training [theme_id] => 35 [contents] => Initial vocational training is free of charge, under the compulsory educational system, and students with disabilities can chose either a mainstream or a special vocational school (Law on Education no.1/2011). Vocational training can be also ensured under the form of requalification, specialisation and continuous training. Law no. 448/2006 stipulates the right of disabled people who are ‘looking for a job’ to have places on training courses and for this to be funded through the unemployment insurance budget. There are specific provisions that clarify when persons can benefit from training free of charge (Law no. 76/ 2004, amended by Law 107/2004, correlated with the definitions of Ordinance no. 144/2005). Persons with disabilities who are entitled to receive training free of charge should come under the following categories, according to the law: (a) they have become unemployed (as legally defined); (b) they were unable to find a job after graduating from educational institutions; (c) when employed, they have resumed work following the recovery of work capacity after benefiting from invalidity pension (in this case, training services have to be agreed with the employer or the employer requires such services, and the application is made only once within 12 months after resuming work); (d) they are in rural areas and have no monthly income, or the monthly income is lower than the level of the unemployment benefit; (e) they earn less than the gross minimum wage in the country (GEO no. 144/2005); (f) they are employed immediately after school graduation. When an employer organises training courses, the necessary training costs may be supported, at the request of employers, by the unemployment insurance budget. Law no. 107/2004, Article 27, defines specific requirements that apply to free training services. The provider of free training is supposed to ensure for trainees: the provision of theoretical and practical training, the supply of training materials, protective equipment during practical training, free transportation, medical consultation, medical tests and tests for attending courses, and accommodation and meals costs. [update_date] => 2017-09-12 18:42:46 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 107/2004, amending Law 76/2002 on unemployment insurances and incentives for employment [url] => http://www.anofm.ro ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 76/2002 on employment insurances and incentives for employment [url] => http://www.anofm.ro/files/html/juridic/acte_normative/1lege_nr_76_2002.htm ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006 (updated) [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) [3] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law on Education, no.1/ 5.01.2011 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/legea_educatiei_nationale_lege_1_2011.php ) ) ) [36] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => E. Education [theme_title] => E5. Higher education [theme_slug] => e5-higher-education [theme_id] => 36 [contents] => Higher Education providers, as with all other public or private institutions, organisations and companies, are subject to non-discrimination law. Students with disabilities benefit from a certain number of facilities and adaptations in universities, according to Law no. 448/2006 (Section 2), on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities, in relation with their needs and options. For example, students with severe and accentuated disabilities can benefit from a 50% deduction of fees for accommodation and meals, if they use the university accommodation facilities. The universities are obliged to provide educational support and full accessibility (physical and informational accessibility, manuals, ICT etc.) for students with disabilities in their locations. Students can also benefit from free of charge places in holiday camps. Still, physical accessibility remains one of the main problems for students with disabilities in higher education. [update_date] => 2017-08-17 17:19:49 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006, Chapter II, Section 7 [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [38] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F1. Non-discrimination in employment [theme_slug] => f1-non-discrimination-in-employment [theme_id] => 38 [contents] => Persons with disabilities have the right to work, (as for all Romanian citizens), according to the Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter V, Article 75(1)). They may be hired on the free labour market, as well in supported employment settings and sheltered units. All persons with disabilities, regardless of their degree of disability, have therefore an equal access on the labour market, if they want to work. The loss of working capacity (for example following a working accident) is associated in Romania with the concept of ‘invalidity’ and, in this case, the access to work is regulated by a different legislation. The degree of invalidity is assessed by a different gate-keeper than the degree of disability. Persons with invalidity are prevented from working (depending on their degree of invalidity) and receive a pension of invalidity during this period. Disability status is different from this concept of invalidity and does not fall under these restrictions. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:45:49 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006, Chapter V [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [39] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F2. Public employment services [theme_slug] => f2-public-employment-services [theme_id] => 39 [contents] => The main public service for promoting and mediating employment in Romania is the National Agency for Employment (Agentia Nationala pentru Ocuparea Fortei de Munca), with corresponding agencies (deconcentrated) at local level (county level). Under its coordination, there are also 8 county agencies for vocational training for unemployed persons, as well as 8 regional centres for adult training. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:45:39 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => National Agency for Employment [url] => http://www.anofm.ro/prezentare-generala-actualizat ) ) ) [40] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F3. Workplace adaptations [theme_slug] => f3-workplace-adaptations [theme_id] => 40 [contents] => The Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter V) sets out all mandatory measures for workplace adaptations, as well as incentives for employers. Public institutions and private companies are also submitted to a quota system for the employment of persons with disabilities (4% of positions have to be occupied by disabled persons, in the case of companies with more than 50 employees). [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:45:28 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006, Chapter V [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [41] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => F. Employment [theme_title] => F4. Financial incentives [theme_slug] => f4-financial-incentives [theme_id] => 41 [contents] => The Law 448/2006, on the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities (Chapter V) sets out all mandatory measures for workplace adaptations, as well as incentives for employers. Employers are offered a deduction of tax on profits when they adapt workplaces for persons with disabilities, equal to the amount invested in (a) this adaptation of the workplace, plus (b) the transportation of persons with disabilities to/from the work place, plus (c) the cost of on-the-job training of the person. They are also offered a subsidy from the State budget, according to the Law 76/2002. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:45:18 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Law 448/2006, Chapter V [url] => http://www.dreptonline.ro/legislatie/lege_persoane_handicap.php ) ) ) [43] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G1. Official research [theme_slug] => g1-official-research [theme_id] => 43 [contents] => The official source of data related to persons with disabilities in Romania is the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection and Elderly and the National Authority for Persons with Disabilities. A quarterly statistics bulletin was released by ANPD, based on the data collected from 41 county General Directorates for Social Assistance and Child Protection, as well as from the 6 sectors of Bucharest Municipality. The bulletin contained data related to the number of persons with disabilities, the type and degree of disability, location, age, sex, types of service from which these persons benefit, and their employment. [update_date] => 2016-06-09 12:47:01 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Quarterly Statistics Bulletin, The Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection [url] => http://www.mmuncii.ro/pub/imagemanager/images/file/Statistica/Buletin%20statistic/2011/Handicap%20sem%20I-2011-site.pdf ) [1] => stdClass Object ( [title] => The Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection (ANDP) [url] => http://anpd.gov.ro ) [2] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Data is available at [url] => http://www.mmuncii.ro/j33/index.php/ro/2014-domenii/protectie-sociala/ppd ) ) ) [44] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G2. Census data [theme_slug] => g2-census-data [theme_id] => 44 [contents] => The last census in Romania took place on 29-31 October 2011 and it included 8 questions related to disability, mainly focusing on the following categories of difficulties that a person might have in daily activities: sight, hearing, memory and concentration, walking or climbing stairs, personal care and communication. For each of these questions, the form included an item related to the level of difficulty and the perceived causes of this difficulty. Those persons who answered positively to the questions above were also asked about whether they had a personal assistant. This is the first time that Romania has included data about persons with disabilities in a census [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:44:56 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => National Institute of Statistics, Page 4 of Form P (Persons) [url] => http://www.insse.ro ) ) ) [45] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G3. Labour Force Survey [theme_slug] => g3-labour-force-survey [theme_id] => 45 [contents] => Disability issues are not yet included in the Labour Force Surveys in Romania. The Ministry of Labour and Social Justice is currently recording the number of employed persons with disabilities (per type of disability) and the number of sheltered workshops. [update_date] => 2017-06-22 15:17:55 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => Quarterly Statistic Bulletin on the situation of persons with disabilities, Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection [url] => http://www.mmuncii.ro/pub/imagemanager/images/file/Statistica/Buletin%20statistic/2011/Handicap%20sem%20I-2011-site.pdf ) ) ) [46] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => G. Statistics and data collection [theme_title] => G4. Disability equality indicators [theme_slug] => g4-disability-equality-indicators [theme_id] => 46 [contents] => In Romania disability equality indicators have not yet been created and are not used. . [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:20:54 [links] => Array ( ) ) [48] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H1. Awareness raising programs [theme_slug] => h1-awareness-raising-programs [theme_id] => 48 [contents] => Most initiatives aimed at raising awareness on the equality and right of people with disabilities belong to independent entities (mosty civil society organizations). However, a prominent and proactive role has been assumed starting in 2015 by the National Council for Combating Discrimination in the field of disability, the Council having applied several sanctions to public authorities and private entities for infringements of the rights of persons with disabilities. [update_date] => 2016-05-02 20:34:26 [links] => Array ( [0] => stdClass Object ( [title] => National Council for Combating Discrimination [url] => http://www.cncd.org.ro/ ) ) ) [49] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H2. Training for teachers [theme_slug] => h2-training-for-teachers [theme_id] => 49 [contents] => General teachers have a basic training in relation with disability, as part of their compulsory pedagogy curriculum. Special education teachers are trained within a specific university discipline (psycho-pedagogy/ psihopedagogie speciala) and they are usually graduating the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences. Each main University in Romania has such a Faculty and a department of psycho-pedagogy. Special education teachers usually work in: (a) special schools, (b) resource centres and educational assistance and/or disability issues, (c) as support teachers in mainstream schools or (d) as professionals in the speech therapy centres (centre logopedice). For special education teachers, each main University in Romania (in the big cities) has a Department of Psychology and Educational Science. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:44:23 [links] => Array ( ) ) [50] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H3. Training for lawyers [theme_slug] => h3-training-for-lawyers [theme_id] => 50 [contents] => No specific training exists for lawyers in Romania, with regards to the UNCRPD or to disability-related issues. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:20:54 [links] => Array ( ) ) [51] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H4. Training for doctors [theme_slug] => h4-training-for-doctors [theme_id] => 51 [contents] => No specific training exists for doctors in Romania, with regards to the UNCRPD or to disability-related issues. However, all medical doctors benefit from a university curriculum (compulsory) in which all types of impairments are studied. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:20:54 [links] => Array ( ) ) [52] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H5. Training for engineers [theme_slug] => h5-training-for-engineers [theme_id] => 52 [contents] => No specific training with regards to the UNCRPD or to disability-related issues (accessibility norms etc.) exists for engineers in Romania. [update_date] => 2012-03-23 14:20:54 [links] => Array ( ) ) [53] => stdClass Object ( [parent] => H. Awareness and external action [theme_title] => H6. International development aid [theme_slug] => h6-international-development-aid [theme_id] => 53 [contents] => No specific training exist for the Romanian workers involved in the international development aid with regards to the UNCRPD or to disability-related issues (accessibility norms etc.). There is also no specific document (law, strategy, set of rules etc) that mentions the inclusion of disabled persons in international aid activities. The institutions involved in such activities are, however, submitted to the anti-discrimination legislation in Romania. [update_date] => 2015-02-27 11:44:13 [links] => Array ( ) ) ) ) ) )