This ANED thematic report is about the progress being made across Europe to respect, protect and ensure the rights of persons with disabilities to live independently and to be included in the community. It is based upon studies that were carried out in early 2019 by ANED country experts in 35 European States.
Following a common research template, each study sought to collect data regarding: the current situation and trends in the living and support situation of children and adults with disabilities; trends in the balance of spending on institutional care versus community-based support; the commitments, targets and approaches of European States; relevant projects and initiatives; financial commitments towards the transition from institutional care to independent living; monitoring and measurement; involvement of persons with disabilities; impact and outcomes.
The synthesis report structure: Chapter 2 discusses how law, policy and guidance concerning the right to live independently and to be included in the community interprets and frames the obligations of States. It focuses on the important distinctions to be drawn between the concept of independent living and that of ‘care’, on the compatibility of congregate living with Article 19 of the CRPD and on the centrality of choice and control both as a vehicle for and outcome of the transition from institutional care to independent living.
Chapters 3 and 4 These chapters present key themes emerging from the ANED country studies, illustrated with examples drawn from them, while providing some overall indicators of progress. It considers the current situation and recent trends in the living situation of persons with disabilities and on expenditure on institutional care versus measures in support of independent living. It provides an overview of the relevant commitments, plans and approaches of European States, highlighting promising practices, as well as areas of concern.
Chapter 5 makes concluding remarks and proposes recommendations for the European Commission, for European countries covered by the study and for other key government and non-government actors.
Each year we assess evidence relevant to progress on the EU2020 Strategy from a disability perspective.
DOTCOM describes the policy and legal situation across the EU in the light of the commitments undertaken for the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities