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The Academic Network of European Disability Experts (ANED)

DOTCOM: the Disability Online Tool of the Commission

Spain B1. Anti-discrimination legislation

In Spanish Law, the evolution in the treatment of disability towards a social model had already occurred before the passing and the coming into effect on 3 May 2008 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. This evolution started with the passing of the important Law 13/1982, of 7 April, of Social Integration of Disabled Persons (LISMI) and culminated with the passing of Law 51/2003, of 2 December, of equal opportunities, non- discrimination and universal accessibility of people with disability (LIONDAU) and its implementing rules. Article 14 of the Spanish Constitution states that 'Spanish people are equal before the law without any discrimination on grounds of birth, race, sex, religion, or any other condition or personal or social circumstance'. Articles 38, 49 and 50 of Law 13/1982 on Social Integration of Disabled People use the word discrimination but do not include relevant measures. In Spain, non-discrimination measures were promoted with the passing of the Law 51/2003, 2 December, on equal opportunities, non-discrimination and universal accessibility of people with disability (LIONDAU) and its implementing rules. On August 2011, Law 26/2011, of 1 August, proclaimed the Normative Adaptation to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (de adaptación normativa a la Convención Internacional sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad), that affected Law 51/2003.
In the field of employment, Spain has the Royal Legislative Decree 2/2015, of 23 October, which approves the consolidated text of the Workers' Statute Act. This regulation includes the prohibition of discrimination in labour matters.

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Update date: Thu, 2019-05-16